There are many species of cypress trees, but Bald Cypress is considered one of the most common. It grows primarily in the lowlands, swamps, and along waterways at
elevations from sea level to 500 feet. It is native to the Southeastern U. S. from Delaware to Florida, and along the Gulf of Mexico to Southern Texas. Cypress trees grow best in humid, moist climates, and nutrient-rich silt type soils that are prone to flooding. Also, Bald Cypress trees thrive in partial shade, and can grow over 100 feet in height, depending on the soil and climate conditions.
Bald Cypress are considered deciduous-coniferous trees that have needle-like leaves and produce cones that bear seeds. The heartwood color ranges from tan to a reddish brown. It has a relatively straight grain pattern, with small, closed pores. Cypress possesses moderate strength and density, with an average weight of 32 lbs./cu. Ft. Due to its oil content, cypress is very durable and is resistant to water, insects, and decay.
Wood Species Index
Bald Cypress can be easily worked with power equipment and hand tools. It has good gluing properties, and readily accepts stains and other finishes. Sanding is not a problem, but due to its oily nature it is recommended to clean the wood with acetone prior to sanding, gluing or applying finishes. Also, oil based sealer is recommended prior to applying finishes. Because of its small, closes pores, filler is not required. Cypress holds fasteners well, but pre-drilling will prevent splitting. Cypress is not considered a good wood for turning, but if turnings are desired, be sure to use sharp tools.
Bald Cypress has a wide range of uses, but due to its durable nature, outdoor uses are very common. Some of these uses include pilings, posts, bridges, docks, and boat lumber. Cypress is also used for building construction: such as siding, exterior trim, and shingles. Other outdoor projects include fencing, garden and planter boxes, as well as patio furniture and swings. Some indoor uses include furniture, cabinetry, veneer, millwork and flooring.